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Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
CBT
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is the term for a number of therapies that are designed to help solve problems in people's lives, such as anxiety, depression, post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or drug misuse.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a form of talking therapy with a strong emphasis on problem solving practically. It is one of the most effective forms of psychotherapy for emotional behavioural and psychological problems especially anxiety based problems.

The term CBT generally refers to Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and/ or Rational Emotive Behavioural Therapy (REBT), to separate models with different emphasis. Both models work on the principal that unhealthy emotions and behaviours are the result of cognitive (thought) process.

Doctors recommend C.B.T.

CBT was developed from two earlier types of psychotherapy:

  • Cognitive therapy - designed to change people's thoughts, beliefs, attitudes and expectations.
  • Behavioural therapy - designed to change how people acted.
Solving problems using CBT
CBT says that your problems are often created by your thoughts. It is not the sitution itself that is making you unhappy, but how you think about it and how you react to it.
An example of how CBT can be used to solve problem is described in the following scenario.
Scenario
A woman believes that her supervisor secretly dislikes her and is trying to undermine her job. This makes her anxious and depressed at work, so she begins to make some mistakes.When her supervisor points out her mistakes and suggests ways that she can avoid making them again, it reinforces her belief that her supervisor dislikes her. As she's convinced she's going to be fired, her performance drops even further. Finally, her supervisor loses patience with her performance and does fire the woman.
Applying CBT
A CBT therapist would attempt to break this downward cycle of thinking by challening the woman's negative and unhelpful thoughts. Then the therapist would guide her to get to base her behaviour on more realistic thoughts and assumptions.

The CBT therapist may point out that the supervisor is unlikely to undermine an employee because it's in the supervisor's interest to have productive and motivated staff. Instead of seeing the supervisor's suggestions as a personal attack, it would be more helpful for the woman to see them as support and encouragement.

The therapist and the woman would then talk about how she could act in the future based on these more realistic beliefs. Using easy to follow work sheets on how she could change the thoughts process such as asking for feedback on how she could improve and training to learn new skills.

The Final Outcome
After several sessions of changing the thought patterns with these new thinking and behavioural techniques, the woman's supervisor sees an improvement in her attitude and performance and their relationship improves. After several months the supervisor recommends the woman for a promotion.
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